Rajasthan, known as the ‘Land of Kings’ and known as “Royal State Of India”. People visit Rajasthan’s top places from all over the world every year.
Brief Look Over The History Of Rajasthan
In Harappan time, people were the first to settle near the Sarasvati River that originated in the Aravalli mountain range in Rajasthan( 5,000 to 200,000 years old stone age tools found in Bundi and Bhilwara districts of the state.)
In the Jhalawar region (Rajasthan), you can see many Buddhist shrines and caves built by the Gupta dynasty.
The Rajput dynasty came in the 9th century. There were 21 dynasties and 36 royal clans in the Rajput empire.
You will find many top places of Rajasthan built by the Rajput clan. They made beautiful forts, palaces, temples and some historic structures.
In the 10th century, the Chauhans came and took over control of Rajasthan, but Muslim defeated Prithviraj Chauhan and gained control established themselves in many parts of Rajasthan.
In the 13th century, a Most important place in Rajasthan was Mewar, and it was still under the control of Rajputs. Akbar, who married a Rajput princess Jodha Bai, daughter of Amer’s Maharaj, to get closer to Rajputs and take control over the Mewar. Akbar got the support of many Rajput rulers, and he strengthened his control over the state.
The Battle of Haldighati between Akbar and Maharana Pratap took place In 1576. Rana Pratap who severely injured in this battle.
The consequences of this battle were that Mughal Emperor Akbar took control over Chappan, Udaipur, Kumbhalgarh, Gogunda and several other regions as well. In the Battle of Dewair 1582, Rana Pratap freed Mewar and much of Rajasthan from the Mughals.
Rajasthan, known for its grand palaces and forts of Maharajas.
We can divide Rajasthan’s climate into four-season:
(April to June with temperatures rising to 48°C during the day.)
(July to September is an excellent time to visit the best place in Rajasthan.)
(October to March is the best time to visit in Rajasthan.)
Top Places To Visit Rajasthan
The Jaisalmer Fort is one famous and top-rated tourist destination visit in Rajasthan. It is also called Saunar Kila because at Sunset, this looks like gold.Jaisalmer Fort is situated at the centre of the city and it’s known as a pride of Jaisalmer.Jaisalmer Fort, built in 1156 by King Rawal Jaisal, on top of Trikuta Hill. You can find some temples and residential complexes in this Fort.
This Fort, considered amongst the most massive forts in the world, and you may have also seen the replica of this Fort in cartoon series “Arabian Nights”.You can say it as a combination of Rajput and Mughal architecture.
This is around 250 foot tall and protected by 30 feet long walls. If you visit the Fort, then you can also go for Desert and jeep. These are also the best attractions among tourists in Jaisalmer.
There are the four entry gates to this Fort:-
- Akshaya Pol
- Suraj Pol
- Ganesh Pol
- Hawa Pol
You can visit some beautiful places inside this Fort, i.e. Jain Temple, Laxminath temple and Royal Palace, these are the main attractions. It is open at 09:00 AM – 06:00 PM, every day.
In Jaisalmer, you can also visit some other right places like Gadisar Lake, Desert National Park, Amar Sagar Lake, Desert Culture Center & Museum, Sam Sand Dunes. These are some best places to visit in Jaisalmer. You can check them as well, and I hope you will not feel regret after visiting these places and will enjoy them the most.
Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum
This Palace, named after Maharaja Umaid Singh is located in Jodhpur (Rajasthan) which is known as the “Blue City”. It is known as one of the world’s largest private residences. Umaid Bhawan Palace has 347 rooms, and Taj Hotels manage a part of it. A portion of the palace serves as a principal residence to the former royal family, one part of the palace converted into a museum.
Priyanka Chopra, the Famous Bollywood Actress, married Nick Jonas here in 2018.
History of Umaid Bhawan Palace
Farmers of the Jodhpur were facing hardship due to severe drought and famine in the 1920s, so they sought help from Maharaja Umaid Singh.
Maharaja Umaid Singh decided to build a palace so that he could help the farmers by giving them some employment and they could survive in such a difficult situation.
Henry Vaughan Lanchester was the senior architect for the palace. Foundation of this palace laid in 1929 and about 3k people were employed. Palace construction completed in 1943.
Construction of Umaid Singh Palace served the purpose to help the farmers and citizens of Jodhpur in a famine situation. The construction cost of this palace estimated at Rs 11 million.
You can take your camera inside and take photos.
Cool things Inside Umaid Bhawan Museum
Here, you can see an impressive vintage car collection and one of the highlights in this Museum.You can visit Trophy bar where you can see some antic articles like tiger skin cushion, some vast collection of fishing gears and gazelles, elephant feet stools etc.
How To Reach Umaid Bhawan Museum
- Jodhpur airport is 3 Km.
- Nearest Railway Station is 5 Km.
- Main Bus Stand is around 2 Km away from the museum.
Famous Places To Visit Near To Umaid Bhawan Palace
- Phool Mahal
- Mehrangarh Fort
- Shri Ganesh Temple
- Jodhpur Camel Safari
- Blue Bohemaian
The Amber Fort( Jaipur)
This Fort is on the top of the Aravali Hills which is also called Amer Fort and 11 km from Jaipur. This Fort, built by Maharaja Man Singh who was one of the trusted persons and general of Mughal Emperor Akbar. You can see Mughal art which influenced the several buildings of Amber Fort. Marble and red sandstone have been used in the construction of this beautiful Fort. Amber Fort was the principal residence of Rajput Rulers and their families.
If you want to explore this Fort thoroughly, then you need at least 3 hours as it is a big Fort.
There are four courtyards in Amber Fort:-
- Diwan-e-Aam, or “Hall of Public Audience”,
- Diwan-e-Khas, or “Hall of Private Audience”,
- Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), Jain Mandir,
- Sukh Niwas
Amer Fort was added into UNESCO World Heritage Site list as part of the “Hill Forts of Rajasthan”, here, you can enjoy the Elephant ride which is a very popular tourist activity, you can also enjoy light & sound shows as well.
- Timings : 9:00 AM to 6:00 PM All Days
- Light Show Timings – 7PM to 8:30 PM
The Hawa Mahal is also famous with other names like “The Palace of Winds” or “The Palace of Breeze”. It is located at the main road in Jaipur, Badi Chaupad. In the construction of Hawa Mahal, pink and red sandstones used. Sawai Pratap Singh built Hawa Mahal in 1799.
This five-storey structure does not have steps. It has 953 windows (jharokha) and decorated with latticework. These windows allow a fresh breeze to blow and keep it cool and airy in summer.The intent to build Hawa Mahal to allow the royal ladies to see everyday street scenes and festivals without being seen.
The pyramidal structure of Hawa Mahal almost resembles a crown. Hawa Mahal, built like Lord Krishna’s Crown ( Hindu God).This five-storey structure does not have steps to the upper floors but ramps. It was actually built to allow royal ladies to look at what is going on in the city. At the top of the palace, you get a beautiful view of the City Palace, Jantar Mantar.
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park is a haven for wildlife lovers. It is one of the top tiger reserves in India. Here, the chances of a sighting are better than many other tiger reserves of India and it is famous for Bangal Tigers. You can easily spot tigers even in the daytime. Ranthambore National Park, situated in the vicinity of the Aravali hills and Vindhya plateau and forest covers an area of 1334 sq. km.
The Government of India in 1955, established Ranthambore and Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary. In 1973 the India Government started this Project Tiger.
It was declared a national park in 1980
Tigress Machli was a well-known tigress in the world. Machli got this name after the mark on her body that resembles a fish. She died in August 2016. She was one of the reasons for increasing the number of tourists from all over the world.
In Ranthambore National Park, you can also visit Ranthambore Fort, which is located inside National Park and one of the ancient Forts of India. It has been declared as the UNESCO world heritage site.
Best Time to Visit Ranthambore
Summer Season (April to June)
In the summer season, the temperature can touch as high as 41℃, but the chances of spotting tigers are quite high as they have to come out for water due to high heat.
Monsoon Season(July to September)
During the monsoon season, several areas of the Ranthambore National Park remain closed for visitors. Gates 1-5 remains closed, which are the core area of the park. Gate No. 6 to10 remains open for tourists.
Winter Season(October to March)
In the winter season, this is an excellent time to visit Ranthambore National Park. In this season, there are best chances to see and capture the animals in your camera as they bask under the sun.
City Palace (Jaipur)
Jaipur is the most visited place and prime attraction of tourists of Rajasthan which known for its remarkable architectures and palaces. The City Palace is a combination of Chalukya, Rajput, Mughal Art. One of the best places in Rajasthan if you are interested in it. The City Palace, Jaipur, built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, who moved to Jaipur from Amber, in 1727 due to overpopulation and shortage of water resources. It was built between 1729-1732 AD.
The City Palace, Jaipur is a symbol and an example of the richness and royalty of Indian history. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II asked Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, Architect, to design the complex according to Vastu Shastra.
There are three entry gates, Tripoli, the Udai Pol and the Virendra Pol. Tripoli is reserved only for royal families and the rest two for the public.
In The City Place, you can visit –
Chandra Mahal ( which is the oldest building with seven floors), Mukut Mahal, the Shri Govind Dev Ji Temple (dedicated to the Hindu god Lord Krishna), the Maharani’s Palace, the Mubarak Mahal, and the City Palace Museum, Diwan-I-Aam, Diwan-I-Khas, Baggi Khana.
In the Museum, you can see old paintings and pictures of the 18-19th century Jaipur in Painting and Photography Gallery.
Jaipur International Airport is 12 KM from The City Palace
Visiting Time is 9 AM – 5 PM.
You can easily find a good guide here in many foreign languages as well, and the fee depends upon the number of people.
If you want to know more about the history, culture and art of Jaipur, then you can go and enjoy the Sculpture Lumiere show which is organised at night.
Pichola Lake (Udaipur)
Lake Pichola is an artificial freshwater lake, situated in Udaipur city( Rajasthan). It was made in the year 1362 AD. Lake Pichola, also called the city of lakes. It is named after nearby village Pichola.
Over the centuries, several islands developed within the lake. The famous Lake Palace, which is a heritage hotel, is in the middle of the lake.
There are four islands on the lake:-
- Jag Niwas,
- Jag Mandir
- Mohan Mandir,
- Arsi Vilas,
At the time of Sunset, tourists love to take a boat ride on this lake and enjoy the view. Pichola Lake is surrounded with many Palaces, temples, bathing ghats and Aravali hills on all its sides.
So beautiful to see the blue water of Pichola lake in the morning which turns into little golden by noon and orange at Sunset. Those who visit this lake don’t miss to take the boat at Sunset.
Jal Mahal (Jaipur)
The Jal Mahal is a palace in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake is surrounded by the Aravalli hills range in Jaipur city, Rajasthan.
Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber built Jal Mahal in the 18th century. It is an architectural showcase of Rajput architecture and built of red sandstone.
The Jal Mahal Palace, which is one of the most visited places in Jaipur, is a five-storied building but four floors remain under the water.
The reflection of the Jal Mahal building in the water gives visitors a spectacular view that seems to be floating on the lake’s surface. It looks so pretty at night time.
It is the most photographed palace. Jal Mahal Palace initially was built as a hunting lodge for the Maharajas of Jaipur, which has now become one of the favourite tourist places in Jaipur.
It is famous for its well-preserved hand paintings in halls and rooms, Chameli bagh and it’s a beautiful terrace. It reveals the tradition and culture of Rajputs.
How can you reach Jal Mahal?
The Airport is 7 km from the central city, and the International Airport is around 10 km. The city is well connected so that you wouldn’t face any problem. Taxis and buses are easily available at the Airport, and you can reach Jal Mahal and other popular places to visit in Jaipur. Amber Fort is also near which is 4 km away from Jal Mahal, and you can visit this beautiful Fort as well.
Mehrangarh Fort and Museum (Jodhpur)
Mehrangarh is located in Jodhpur, and it is also one of the most massive forts in India. This Fort built by Rao Jodha in 1459. It is situated 125m above the city.
Mehrangarh Fort is the right place for those who want to know about the history & culture of Jodhpur. In Jodhpur, there are many other prime locations like the Thar desert, but you can’t miss this place.
There are two ancient temples in this Fort. Musicians welcome tourists with traditional folk songs at the entrance of Mehrangarh Fort. Mehrangarh Fort is one of the largest Fort in India, and it is one of the hot destinations of tourists.
The Mehrangarh Fort walls height is 118 feet with a width of 68 feet to protect this Fort.
You can see the ancient artefacts related to royal families of Rajasthan but also from Mughal dynasty. The Museum is one of the most well-maintained museums in Rajasthan.
Inside the Fort, there is a Museum where you can see some of the best collections of palanquins( won in a battle from the Governor of Gujarat in 1730), musical instruments, royal cradles, costumes, arms, furniture and paintings.
Inside the Mehrangarh Fort, there are several magnificent palaces ( Sheesh Mahal, Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal) which are famous for their intricate carvings and expansive courtyards.
You can visit Chamundi Devi Mandir & Nagnechiaji Mandir which are inside this Fort.
There are seven gates in the Fort, built by Maharaja Man Singh. The impact of cannonballs is easily visible at the 2nd gate.
‘The Jungle Book’, as well as ‘The Dark Knight Rises’ shot at Mehrangarh Fort(Rajasthan).
You can visit some other best places in Jodhpur along with Mehrangarh Fort:- Ganesh Temple, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Pal Balaji Temple, Gulab Sagar Lake, Jaswant Thada, Kailana Lake, these are some of the best places to visit in Jodhpur.